By W. Raymond Wood, James P. Ronda
Whilst Mackay and Evans back to Spanish St. Louis in 1797, they have been hailed as ''the such a lot illustrious tourists within the northern components of this continent.'' satirically, although the findings of Mackay and Evans have been answerable for a lot of the early luck of Lewis and Clark of their excursion, the adulation that Lewis and Clark’s profitable go back thoroughly eclipsed Mackay and Evans’s reputations. In ''Prologue to Lewis and Clark,'' W. Raymond wooden narrates the background of this long-forgotten yet very important day trip up the Missouri River.
The Mackay and Evans excursion was once greater than an exploratory challenge. It used to be the final attempt by way of Spain to realize keep an eye on over the Missouri River basin within the decade ahead of the USA bought the Louisiana territory. In that admire, it failed. however the excursion was once profitable as a trip of exploration. The maps and files they created later supplied the Lewis and Clark day trip with precious info for its first complete yr.
Consolidating a suite of eighteen modern records in terms of the Mackay and Evans excursion in addition to his personal examine and research, wooden offers an in-depth exam of the expedition’s heritage, execution, and outcome.
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Additional info for Prologue to Lewis and Clark: The Mackay and Evans Expedition
Louis visitor to the Mandans ultimately met a violent death on the frontier. D'Eglise went to New Mexico, where he was 'tbarbarously murdered" sometime before November 20,1806. "'5~ THE FIRST SPANISH EXPEDITION: JEAN BAPTISTE TRUTEAU AND PONCA HOUSE With D'Eglise's information in hand, the Missouri Company was not long in dispatching its first expedition up the Missouri. Jean Baptiste Truteau, a native of Montreal, had become a schoolmaster in St. Louis in 1774 and remained a teacher-save for his stint on the Missouri River-for more than forty years.
Its general location remained known as late as Lewis and Clark's journey, but the exact site is now lost, though still being sought. 23 But although official exploration ended, French coureurs du bois continued to move west to exploit the furs they were obtaining along the lower Missouri and its tributaries. 24 One of the earliest settlements in the Mississippi valley was the little town of Kaskaskia on the east bank of the river some seventy miles below the mouth of the Missouri. " These documents record the names of no less than Uurty engages who plied their t r a d e a t least at times--on the Missouri.
The first British traders from Canada began their illegal entrada into Spanish territory about 1785. We know almost nothing about earlier visits to the villages, though it is likely the French had been visiting them, however rarely, since the time of La Verendrye. A major smallpox epidemic swept across the northern plains in 1780-81, and because of massive population losses among the Indians, trade with the villages was sharply reduced. The outbreak's disruptive effects soon closed down the trade until about 1793, when two posts were built on the Assiniboine River by the competing fur companies.